Latvia

Latvia
   When the German army entered Latvia in June 1941, many Latvians who had suffered under Soviet rule greeted them as liberators. The commanders of Einsatzgruppe A, therefore, had little difficulty in enlisting Latvians, who identified Jews with Bolshevism, to kill Jews. The major Latvian militia, the Arajs Commando, which numbered 400 men, engaged in killing operations in Riga and in the provinces. It is estimated that as many as 30,000 Jews were murdered by the Arajs Commando. About 2,000 Latvians also served in the German Sicherheitsdienst (SD) or Security Service. It is impossible to accurately estimate the number of Latvians who participated in the overall killing of Jews, although it is clear that the native population made it easier to implement the Final Solution. It is estimated that of the 70,000 Jews in Latvia, not more than 3,000 survived the massacres. In addition, the Germans deported about 20,000 Jews from the Greater Reich to Latvia, and about 1,000 survived the war.

Historical dictionary of the Holocaust. . 2014.

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  • LATVIA — (Lettish Latvija; Rus. Latviya; Ger. Lettland; Pol. Łołwa), one of the Baltic states of N.E. Europe; from 1940 to 1991 the Latvian S.S.R. The nucleus of Latvian Jewry was formed by the Jews of Livonia (Livland) and courland , the two… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Latvia — Latvia, Latvijas, ⊕ latvio via → Letonia …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • latvia — Latvia, Latvijas, ⊕ latvio via → Letonia …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Latvia — Baltic nation, independent from 1918, named for its inhabitants, Latvian Latvji, whose ancient name is of unknown origin. In English, the people name was LETT (Cf. Lett). Parts of the modern state were known previously as Livonia (from Estonian… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Latvia — [lat′vē ə] country in N Europe, on the Baltic Sea: from 1940 to 1991 it was a republic of the U.S.S.R.: 24,595 sq mi (63,701 sq km); pop. 2,606,000; cap. Riga: formerly, Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic …   English World dictionary

  • Latvia — /lat vee euh, laht /, n. a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of Estonia, an independent state 1918 40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 2,437,649; 25,395 sq. mi. (63,700 sq. km). Cap.: Riga. Latvian, Latvija… …   Universalium

  • Latvia — Infobox Country native name = Latvijas Republika conventional long name = Republic of Latvia common name = Latvia map caption = map caption|location color=dark green|region=Europe|region color=dark grey|subregion=the European Union|subregion… …   Wikipedia

  • Latvia — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Latvia <p></p> Background: <p></p> The name Latvia originates from the ancient Latgalians, one of four eastern Baltic tribes that formed the ethnic core of the Latvian …   The World Factbook

  • Latvia — Latvijas Republika Republik Lettland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Latvia — noun a republic in northeastern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea • Syn: ↑Republic of Latvia • Derivationally related forms: ↑Latvian • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Baltic State, ↑Baltic Republic • …   Useful english dictionary

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